Important Information!


We have designed this page to help you the unsuspecting consumer read through some of the fancy termonolgy that some of the breeders out there use in order to reel you in.  This page is an educational only page with supporting links to better help you in your search for your newest family member.

What does DNA certified or DNA of file with AKC mean?

For a stud dog this could mean a couple things.  It could mean that this dog has been bred more then 3 litters in a year or 7 litters in a life time and AKC has required the owner to submit a DNA sample of the dog to them to verify that the dog is the sire to the litters they are claiming.  Or it could mean that the dog was imported from another country and a DNA sample needed to be submitted in order to transfer the dogs registation over to AKC.  One thing it cannot tell you is if the dog is a purebred or not.  Most commonly you will see DNA certification on a stud dog but occasionaly you will see it on a female most often when she is an import or if she has a litter sired by more then 1 stud.  For more information about DNA please read the information from AKC here.

Genetic coat color inheritance pattern in boxers.  Can boxers be black?

1. "Reverse" brindle is not a colour that is any different to any other shade of brindle. It is a term used in North America simply to describe a dog that has such a heavy concentration of brindle stripes so as to have the appearance of being a dark dog with fawn stripes (as opposed to a fawn dog with dark stripes). But that is appearance only. There is nothing genetically different about any of the shades of brindle - just a matter of how many stripes the dog has. The opposite is "light" brindle - describing a dog that has very few brindle stripes. And in between all that, there is "golden" brindle, "fawn" brindle, "brown" brindle, "red" brindle, "mahogany" brindle, etc. These simply describe the shade of fawn ground colour, exactly the same as for differing shades of solid fawn boxers.

Since there is nothing genetically different about dark brindle dogs (including reverse/seal brindle) you cannot breed "for" it. A light brindle dog mated with a fawn might produce dark brindle puppies. Two dark brindles might produce a litter of fawn puppies. You probably (possibly) have a higher chance of producing dark brindle pups from dark brindle parents - but certainly not in any predictable manner.

You might like to note that although the US and Canadian boxer standards allow for "reverse" or "seal" brindle dogs, most (possibly all) other boxer standards round the world describes the colour as undesirable or even a named fault (same goes for light brindle).

2. "Seal" brindle is a term used in some parts of Canada to describe the same colour that is called "reverse" brindle in the US. Once again, it is a description of a shade of brindle only. Not a different or new colour of dog.

3. There is no such thing as a black boxer. It is a genetic impossibility for a boxer to be purebred and also black. The gene for solid black coat colour simply does not exist within the boxer gene pool. And that is something that is very well documented by canine geneticists. A black boxer is like a brindle rottweiler: the only way to get one is to breed a boxer with some other breed that does carry that gene (labradors, for example).

There is more information about coat colour inheritance here, here and here